Only 14% of women aged 15–49 years in West Bengal have completed 12 or more years of schooling, compared with 22% of men. Ironically Bengal does have a history of political resistance. The Lady Brabourne College was established in 1939. [204] On Vijayadashami, the last day of the festival, the effigies are paraded through the streets with riotous pageantry before being dumped into the rivers. In all Hindu form majority religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal state. [84] At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. Some contemporary directors include veterans such as: Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Tarun Majumdar, Goutam Ghose, Aparna Sen, and Rituparno Ghosh, and a newer pool of directors such as Kaushik Ganguly and Srijit Mukherji. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. Below is the West Bengal district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. Both West Bengal and Bangladesh are parts of historical and geographic region of Bengal. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. [103] The state has one autonomous region, the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration. In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. [217] In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed the Presidency College. [110] Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar. [90] Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger and crocodiles, as well as many bird species. And so, her announcement on Hindi Diwas (September 14) that the TMC’s Hindi cell would be restructured and Bengal would get a revamped Hindi academy. [90], West Bengal is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. universal among the 6 to 14-year age group then drops to 70% with the 15 to 17-year age group. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. West Bengal, unlike most other states of India, is noted for its passion and patronage of football. Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. The western plateau region has rivers like the Damodar, Ajay and Kangsabati. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads. [ By Boro Baski ] According to the Ministry of Human Resource Development Report of India (2004–05), the dropout rate among tribals in India from class I to X is 79 %. [27] Several Vedic realms were present in the Bengal region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Suhma Kingdom. The West Bengal government on Thursday decided to recognise six languages other than Bengali as those spoken by linguistic minorities in the state. [57] Banerjee was re-elected as Chief Minister in the 2016 election in which Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority. On this counts, Assam was ahead of West Bengal with a crime rate of 3.7. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world;[240] renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D. [223], There are several research institutes in Kolkata. BJP says non-Bengalis like Neotia have contributed more (Pic courtesy www.mid-day.com. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. [2] The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. [85] West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. According to 2011 India census, Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.3% or 282,898 of the population in West Bengal. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Facts About West Bengal: 1. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region and the coastal Sundarbans. It has been observed that there has been a slow but steady decline in the percentage share of industry and agriculture over the years. During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was major world trading nation and was often referred by the Europeans as the richest country with which to trade. [205], Rath Yatra is a Hindu festival which celebrates Jagannath, a form of Krishna. The Bengal Sultanate was interrupted for twenty years by a Hindu uprising under Raja Ganesha. Will the 56-inch non-Bengali finally give Bengal an Opposition? And Bengali Muslims have a traditional problem with the non-Bengali Muslims of West Bengal as the later get more political patronage owing to their robust financial muscle, based as they are in the city of Kolkata. There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school. Apart from this there is a Deemed university run by the Ramakrishna mission named Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University at Belur Math. West Bengal has a conviction rate of 5.3% by its courts, convicting 348 cases of the 6,611 in which trials were complete. [84] A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level. In contrast, the service sector has grown at a rate higher than the national rate. One of the earliest foreign references to Bengal is a mention by the Ancient Greeks around 100 BCE of a land named Gangaridai located at the mouths of the Ganges. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India. Mosques, madrasas and khanqahs were built throughout these stages. Nearly 20% of people in West Bengal live below the federal poverty line, but this has declined from almost 32% just ten years ago. In rural regions of West Bengal state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 953 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 959 girls per 1000 boys. They celebrate the end of Ramadan with prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and feasting. Pitha, a kind of sweet cake, bread, or dim sum, are specialties of the winter season. [55] In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. [132], As of 2011, the total railway route length was around 4,481 km (2,784 mi). Despite the Trinamool Congress government's efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Indian National Congress, the Left Front and the Bharatiya Janata Party opposed the resolution. [175] In modern times, Jibanananda Das has been acknowledged as "the premier poet of the post-Tagore era in India". The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Left Front, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), governed the state for the next three decades. [75][76] In 2006 the state's healthcare system was severely criticised in the aftermath of the West Bengal blood test kit scam. Broadband Internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by other private companies. 5,65,19,760 (Persons) in 2011. [118]:4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction. [13][14] There is moderate unemployment. [137][138], Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. [221], Notable scholars who were born, worked, or studied in the geographic area of the state include physicists: Satyendra Nath Bose, Meghnad Saha,[224] and Jagadish Chandra Bose;[225] chemist Prafulla Chandra Roy;[224] statisticians Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis and Anil Kumar Gain;[224] physician Upendranath Brahmachari;[224] educator Ashutosh Mukherjee;[226] and Nobel laureates Rabindranath Tagore,[227] C. V. Raman,[225] Amartya Sen,[228] and Abhijit Banerjee[229], In 2005 West Bengal had 505 published newspapers,[230] of which 389 were in Bengali. Notable sports persons from West Bengal include former Indian national cricket team captain Sourav Ganguly, Pankaj Roy, Olympic tennis bronze medallist Leander Paes and chess grand master Dibyendu Barua. The population development of the State of West Bengal by census years. This preprint has a lot of Bengalis from Birbhum district in West Bengal of various castes. The idols of the goddess are brought in from Kumortuli, where idol-makers work throughout the year fashioning clay-models of the goddess. KOLKATA: Nearly one in five “Bengalis” — or people who have listed Bengali as their mother tongue in the 2011 census — now lives outside Bengal. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim.The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.4% or 500,000 of the population in Bangladesh. [50] Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. [203] The five-day-long colourful Hindu festival includes intense celebration across the state. West Bengal is the sixth largest contributor to India's GDP. After Indian Independence, important groups such as the Calcutta Group and the Society of Contemporary Artists were formed in Bengal and came to dominate the art scene in India. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. As of 2011, Hinduism is the most common religion, with adherents representing 70.54% of the total population. West Bengal is the fourth populous most state of India. [235][236][237] Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India[238] and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal. According to official documents and statistics, the answer would be NO, but due to large scale illegal immigration, very high fertility rate, and unfavorable government at times. In the same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal Steel project was mothballed. [10] Following widespread religious conflict, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal in 1947 along religious lines into two independent dominions: West Bengal, a Hindu-majority Indian state, and East Bengal, a Muslim-majority province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh. [207], The University of Calcutta, the oldest and one of the most prestigious public universities in India, has 136 affiliated colleges. Together with Bangladesh, it comprises of the ethnosemantic zone of Bengal. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. Tags: Bengali vs Outsiders BJP Dilip Ghosh SHAH RUKH KHAN TMC West Bengal Elections 2021 West Bengal Elections with ABP Ananda West Bengal politics সম্পর্কিত ঘটনা The Darjeeling Himalayan Hill region experiences a harsh winter, with occasional snowfall. The city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Durga Puja. [121] The state's total financial debt stood at ₹1,918,350 million (US$27 billion) as of 2011. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. [32], Two kingdoms—Vanga or Samatata, and Gauda—are said in some texts to have appeared after the end of the Gupta Empire although details of their ascendancy are uncertain. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. 0. [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. 1202", "West Bengal may be renamed PaschimBanga", "Assembly drops West, renames State as Bengal", "Foreign ministry turns down Mamata Banerjee's 'Bangla' for West Bengal", "West Bengal to send another proposal to Centre on changing its name", "Intolerance debate: How some historical brutalities are more special than others", "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid", "Defeat rocks India's elected communists", "Is West Bengal's economy actually reviving under Mamata Banerjee? And Jadavpur university are prestigious technical universities 1.6, Lower Thailand, the agitation... 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